It’s not hard to tell when your cat is sick. Any deviation from normal health is often accompanied by one or more changes in the functions and behavior of the body. As a caring owner, you can immediately recognize these changes and report them to the veterinarian – an invaluable help in detecting and diagnosing an early illness. These are the most common signs of illness, but remember that any deviation from your cat’s normal behavior is cause for concern Changes in appetite or fluid intake Excessive or rapid weight gain or loss fever Behavior changes in behavior: apathy, depression, apathy or malignancy Stool with blood, frequent or uncontrollable Constipation or any other problems with normal passage of stool Orange, cloudy or blood-stained urine Constant urination or inability to urinate Frequent trips to the litter box, often accompanied by frequent crying and licking of the genitals. tenderness of the abdomen Lump under the skin or sinuses Abnormal discharge from a body opening Prolonged attempts at vomiting or vomiting Prolonged coughing or sneezing Breathing or wheezing tight breathing or wheezing sticky, yellowish, or greenish nose or crusting of the nose Partial coverage of each eye third eyelid or eye Ear problems: bad odor, waxing excessive, excessive shaking of the head Bad breath Excessive salivation Severe bites and scratches of skin and coat Sloppy or matted coat or any other signs that your cat has stopped taking care of itself Hair loss, baldness, wounds, pustules, injuries, external parasites excessive infestation or other skin irregularities Cat Lower Urinary Tract Disease One of the most common reasons for cat litter box failure is lower urinary tract disease in cats (Flute, formerly known as cat urological syndrome or FUS). FLUTD actually refers to a complex set of diseases with multiple causes that affect the lower urinary tract of cats. It can range from painful bladder irritation to a life-threatening condition, and the signs of the disease should never be ignored. Since cats with FLUTD often associate their litter box with the pain they feel when urinating, they often bypass the box and look for other places to urinate in the hope that things don’t hurt as much elsewhere. A cat’s urinary system works much like ours. The kidneys filter waste products from the blood and channel liquid waste through narrow tubes called ureters, which flow into the bladder. Each kidney has its own ureter. As urine flows into the bladder, the bladder expands like a water balloon. When the bladder is full and swollen, the nerves send impulses to the brain and the brain sends impulses back, causing the bladder to contract. The cat then urinates through a third tube called the urethra, a tube that runs from the bladder through the vagina or penis. FLUTD is most common in cats 1 to 6 years old, but it can affect both male and female cats of all ages. The disease is more severe in men due to anatomical differences: a cat has a short and wide urethra, while a male has a long and narrow urethra. Although FLUTD may be caused by bladder irritation, bladder stones, bacterial or viral infections, or urethral blockage, the last blockage is the most serious. Small stones or litter form in the urine that clog the urethra, making it impossible for the cat to empty the bladder. Because men have a narrower urethra, they are more susceptible to this type of obstruction. When urine rises again, the bladder expands and fills painfully, and the cat shows the symptoms described below. If the cat cannot urinate at all, the pressure from the bladder recedes to the kidneys through the ureters. In this case, urine returns to the kidneys, the kidneys are damaged and can completely stop working, and toxins accumulate in the blood. At this time, a cat can die very quickly without immediate veterinary treatment. Most cats with FLUTD show at least some of the following signs to varying degrees:
- Frequent urination.
- Frequent travel in and out of the litter box Difficult to urinate, although the amount of urine released with each attempt is small Crying due to pain when urinating.
- Excessive genital licking prevents the litter box from staying on cool, smooth surfaces such as bathtubs, sinks, and tiled floors urination and sites.
- Blood in the urine, often accompanied by a strong smell of ammonia Apacia, loss of appetite, excessive thirst Since FLUTD can be life-threatening even for cats, it is necessary to be able to recognize these signs when they occur and seek immediate veterinary treatment. If diagnosed early, some forms of FLUTD can be cured, while others can be managed through long-term medical and dietary treatment.
Diarrhea and defecating outside the litter box are often signs of internal parasites and other gastrointestinal upsets. Intestinal parasites are common ailments of cats—even indoor cats—and the foremost responsible and meticulous owners cannot always shield their cats from infestation. Parasites seem to be commonest in kittens and young cats, although cats of any age are often infested. a number of the foremost common sorts of internal parasites are roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Other internal parasites which will plague cats include the protozoans Giardia, Coccidia, and Toxoplasma gondi. The signs of a parasite infestation include intermittent, foulsmelling (often bloody) diarrhea, mucus within the stool, a potbellied appearance, weight loss and, with tapeworm, ricelike debris or moving segments sticking to the cat’s anal area or within the litter box. All internal parasites should be specifically identified by laboratory analysis (in most cases by microscopic examination of a fresh stool sample) and treated by a veterinarian. Once the sort of internal parasite is identified, your vet will dispense the right medication for worming, calculating the dosage based partly on your cat’s age and fitness . Worming medicines are formulated to kill internal parasites and may be dangerous when administered in excessive amounts, too frequently or for the incorrect species of parasite. That’s why it’s important to require your cat to the veterinarian, instead of counting on an over-the-counter dewormer which will or might not be for the sort of parasite your cat has—and that gives only general dosing directions that don’t take your cat’s unique health circumstances under consideration . See your veterinarian, and follow his or her advice to the letter.